References and Annex
1. Model Guidelines for the Use of Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Medical Practice, approved by the House of Delegates of the Federation of State Medical Boards of the United States, Inc., as policy April 2002
2. Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium: A Physician Charter, published in Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 136, n. 3, 5 February 2002
3. Consensus Conference “Non Conventional Medicine”, Consensus Document established during the 43rd National Congress of the Italian Psychiatric Association
4. Fähigkeitsprogramme der FMH (Swiss Medical Association) für: Akupunktur, Anthroposophische Medizin, Homöopathie, Neuraltherapie,
5. Spezialdiplome der Österreichischen Ärztekammer für: Akupunktur, Anthroposophische Medizin, Homöopathie und andere komplementärmedizinische Richtungen
6. Deliberazione della Federazione Nazionale degli Ordini dei Medici Chirurghi e degli Odontoiatri, Italia, 2002
7. Zusatzbezeichnungen Homoöpathie, Naturheilverfahren, Manuelle Medizin, Chirotherapie, Physikalische Therapie, Balneotherapie ärztliche Weiterbildungsordnung Germany.
8. Zusaztbezeichnung Akupunktur, Novelle der ärztliche Weiterbildungsordnung, Deutschland, 2003.
CAM therapies practised by physicians can be classified as follows, based on the classification by the National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine in USA:
• Alternative Medical Systems Alternative medical systems are built upon complete systems of theory and practice. Often, these systems have evolved apart from and earlier than the conventional medical approach used in the Western world. Examples of alternative medical systems that have developed in Western cultures include homeopathic medicine, naturopathic medicine, anthroposophic medicine and neural therapy. Examples of systems that have developed in non-Western cultures include Ayurveda, traditional Chinese and Tibetan medicine. Acupuncture, originally a part of traditional Chinese medicine, has evolved to a system in its own right, and is practised worldwide.
• Biologically Based Therapies
Biologically based therapies in CAM use substances found in nature, such as herbs, mineral and animal products, foods, and vitamins (orthomolecular medicine).
• Manipulative and Body-Based Methods
Manipulative and body-based methods in CAM are based on manipulation and/or movement of one or more parts of the body. Some examples include chiropractic, kinesiology or osteopathic manipulation.